Roof Rafters Vs. Trusses – Which One is Better for Home Roofing?

Everyone knows that a roof is the upper part of a building, a semi-detached house, a bungalow, etc., built as a frame to protect the terrain from rain, wind, snow and dust. However, a solid roof must have an equally solid framework.

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Roofs come in different sizes and shapes, such as barn roofs, hipped roofs, flat roofs, facades, gambettes, to name but a few.

Roof trusses (see left hand side picture above), which were used in most houses in the past, are very popular. However, with the advent of advanced technology, new building methods have begun to use rafters (see the image above on the right).

There was a time when true truths could only be seen in large structures such as churches and tall buildings, but that has changed.

The rafters and the farms are not the same, and there are advantages and disadvantages to both. In this article we compare these two models of rafters and describe them in detail below.

Overview of companies

The rafters and trusses support the roof and are triangular in shape and construction.

The rafters contain the two outer main beams and support the roof construction. The rafters, on the other hand, consist of several beams that provide additional support for the roof structure.

Image of rafters and rafters

Developed in the Middle Ages, rafters became commonplace for today’s Americans. In the United States, 4 out of 5 people prefer farms over rafters because they are more stable.

The rafters are roof beams that run from the ridge beam to the top of the wall and have been used since ancient times. The rafters are the long planks that support the roofing. In terms of quality, both the rafters and the farms are of good quality.


There is no difference in the quality of the roofing offered by one or the other. The rafters give a great feeling of space and are much nicer than an openwork ceiling. The rafters, on the other hand, give the impression of a vaulted ceiling and do not give the impression of an open ceiling.

The most important difference between trusses and rafters is the method of construction. The trousers are manufactured in the factory under controlled conditions to ensure high product quality. Most of the facilities on the farm are automated, which means that they are built in a very short time.

Brussels are produced in the factory

Roof trusses, on the other hand, are very time-consuming because they are all built and installed on site. The rafters are available at a lower price and can be manufactured on site according to site specifications.

Roof trusses, on the other hand, are designed and manufactured in the factory and take less time to install on site.

Roof trusses are manufactured on site

However, trusses require precise specifications on site as they are pre-assembled and prefabricated in the factory. Roof trusses, unlike rafters, do not need to be planned in advance, as they are built and installed at a location where specifications are available.

Because trusses are prefabricated, they can be more expensive than trusses; however, their installation and labour costs are relatively higher than those of trusses.

Installing the rafters can take up to a week, while the rafters can be installed in one day, which means the rafters can save a lot of time.

However, if the site is located in a remote area where access is difficult for large trucks, delivery of finished farms can be problematic. As the rafters are cut and installed on site, you do not have to worry about transport.

However, the installation of trusses becomes expensive if the cost of the wood is too high. In addition, the installation of the rafters requires a lot of skill. On the other hand, the trusses are supplied with detailed installation instructions that do not require any special knowledge.

Wood for the rafters

When choosing between trusses and rafters, the size of the house must be taken into account. For example, if the house is small enough, it is advisable to choose rafters.

On the other hand, trusses are suitable for large constructions, because installing trusses on smaller constructions can be difficult. Moreover, a crane would have been necessary to install the beams, because the pre-assembled beam is difficult to transport and install.

One of the advantages of using rafters is that the roof construction is flexible and can be adapted without damaging the structure. However, trusses cannot easily be replaced once installed.

Drilling a hole for the electrical system or even cutting out part of the tyre can compromise the integrity of the structure. In the case of a herringbone roof, a specialist engineer should be consulted for any changes.

It is therefore important to investigate the possibilities and seek advice from various carpenters, wood suppliers and farmers in order to find a reasonable and cost-effective solution.

Both trusses and rafters have a number of advantages and disadvantages. We can’t tell you which one is best for you, because you need to analyse it according to your needs. So we explained the pros and cons of rafters and farms.

What are rafters? – Brief description

Roof trusses are the basic elements necessary for the construction of a roof. They extend from the ridge or the ridge to the outside wall and form the basis for the placement of the pebble.

Contractors install the rafters side by side, and while wood used to be used for the rafters, the roofing industry now uses materials such as steel. As internal support systems, trusses are almost always invisible on the outside of a house.

Herringbone warehouse


While trusses are often hidden behind ceilings, visible trusses are an important architectural element for certain interior styles.

The roofing industry currently has at least ten common rafters:

  • Principle;
  • Regularly;
  • EMT;
  • Compass;
  • He’s small;
  • Hip;
  • King;
  • Valley;
  • Jack and
  • The barge.

One or more of these styles can be used to contribute to a unique roof structure and appearance, as today’s builders have a choice of different gradients.

What is a roof? – Brief description

These popular alternatives to rafters have taken root in the hearts and minds of contractors, designers and consumers because prefabricated rafters offer many advantages.



The roof truss is easily recognisable because this uniquely shaped roof element is undamaged and consists of interlocking elements such as rafters, cross beams and supports. They have the shape of A-frames that are attached as a whole.

Due to its popularity, the crossing is available in different permutations. They can be flat to create storage space in the attic, or angled to fill in corners.

As with the rafters, there are wooden or steel rafters. For contractors and roofers who want to give their roof a unique look, the most popular truss styles are Dual Pitch, Howe, Queen Post, Pratt, Stub, Fink and many others.

Comparison of herringbone costs with enterprises

According to experts from, the debate between rafters and trusses can heat up when carpenters, contractors and architects make plans for a new home. If you take part of the construction budget, that’s where the rubber meets the road.

As trusses are usually assembled off-site and delivered to the yard, they are faster and cheaper to install than trusses because they use smaller, cheaper pieces of wood and rely on multiple components to reinforce the assembly rather than relying solely on weighted trusses.

What type of wood is used for rafters?

The three most popular types of wood for rafters are spruce, yellow pine and red cedar.

In some cases, these types of wood can be reinforced by gluing thinner pieces of wood together or laminating them into a thicker beam from which the roof structure can be constructed.

Other forests used for the construction of farms often depend on the availability of wood in a particular region.

Although metal roof chairs are commercially available, they are rarely a good substitute for wood. Not only are they more expensive, they also require more maintenance and not all roofers know how to install metal roofing chairs.

Moreover, metal does not conduct heat as efficiently as wood, and when it comes to sound insulation and especially rust, you can have more problems than when using wooden trusses.

Are the rafters on the roofs of houses stronger?

It is no secret that farms are more popular than rafters. Today, 80% of the roofs of new houses are built.

Agricultural production can produce more waste, but farmers can make use of it the other way around. This interplay of materials generally makes the rafters stronger than the rafters.

The rafters can have the same thickness in comparison, because the design of the rafters depends more on the strength of the individual pieces of wood…. and less on the geometry.

Once the rafter is installed, more wood is used to make it weigh more, but the rafters are stronger because they are more efficient and have the ability to create maximum strength with less material at the end.

Is it better to use trusses or rafters when building a shed?

For contractors who like to make comparisons that know no boundaries, the debate about the use of rafters or beams in stable construction can lead to a long discussion based on the word ‘better’.

To start with, a good shed roof is more complicated than you might think, but it will not surprise you that rafters are less complicated to use when building a shed, and installation is probably also easier.

Cross over, repeat, and you’ve built a solid system. The end result is a stronger unit that travels longer distances, and you don’t need inner walls to carry the weight.

Do you live in a climate where hundreds of kilos of snow and ice can hit the roof of your barn? In this case, farms are probably the best option, so you get a winning combination: The real ones are not only cheaper and stronger, but in the end also have a lot of storage space, and isn’t that why you need a shed in the first place?

rafts versus beams – brief equation

After you have familiarized yourself with the rafters and trusses, there is a third way to complete the roof work on the house: Bars.

These parallel horizontal beams, usually made of wood but often in alternative materials such as steel I-beams, add a third roof element to the equation.

Your goal? Enlarge the open space to connect opposite walls to support both floor and ceiling.

The beams are 8 to 12 inches wide and have a typical thickness of 1½ inches. The editors of SBC Magazine advise readers to use the correct terminology to make the distinction, noting that too many people change the terms.

A floor beam is simply a horizontal frame element that goes between walls or trusses to support the ceiling, the drafters said, while a crossbeam is a horizontal frame element that goes between trusses to resist the outward thrust of the trusses.

If you are trying to understand the difference between cross beams and trusses, keep this in mind, say SBC experts: It’s a matter of function, not purpose, reason enough to read their entire article so that you understand the differences before you order the work or try to cover your building yourself: .


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