Parts of a Barn Explained (with Names & Floor Plan)

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A barn is no longer just a barn. The old school days of keeping animals and storing hay are gone. Today, barns are converted to homes, office spaces, and meeting spots. It’s not hard to see why barns are so popular. They give us a sense of nostalgia, with their big open doors and welcoming appeal. As far as beauty goes, barns are not only big, they are beautiful. The unique architecture of a barn is a great way to showcase how much you love the farm life. (Note the use of the colon in the first example, and the comma and “and” in the second example.) The objective of these blog post intros is to establish the context in which the rest

The nomenclature of a barn is similar to the nomenclature of a house. One thing that distinguishes them is that barns don’t have basements. The main floor is called the “ground floor,” and the floor above that is the “second floor.” So, what are some of the other parts of a barn, and what do they have in common with houses? In a house, the basement provides a lot of support, but not so much in a barn. The main beams, called girts, support the top floor, but the bottom floor is supported by posts, called sills, that are set in the ground, not on top of other supports. In a house, things like plumbing and electrical wires are

In the past, barns were much more popular than they are today, so many people may not know much about them today. Barns are structures built to store agricultural products such as fruit, hay and grain. They are also used to house livestock such as sheep, horses and cattle. Storage sheds can have different designs depending on what needs to be stored in them.   In areas of the country where fruit growing is popular, you will find many barns built specifically for fruit storage. On the other hand, in areas where livestock are kept, barns have been built to store animals, hay or diaries.

There are also barns that are built for multi-purpose use. These barns are called multi-purpose barns and are used for the storage of agricultural products and livestock. These common barns are sometimes used to store turkeys, chickens, sheep, pigs, draft horses and cattle.  They also contain containers of grain and other vegetable products. Today, hay is one of the most common agricultural products stored in barns; it is usually stacked in heaps in places called windrows.

When designing a barn, attention is usually paid to hygiene, comfort, appearance and economy. The stables are built in such a way that as little time and energy as possible is spent on conventional agricultural tasks such as milking, cleaning and feeding.  Hygiene is also a priority, keeping the animals and animal products healthy and clean. This means building good stables with good drainage, lighting and ventilation.  The most cost-effective methods will be used in the construction of the barn to ensure the longevity of the operation. After all, barns are also built to be beautiful. The beautiful exterior of the barn is a sign that everything inside is up to date. Most barns have similar rooms, including the following:

Shed rooms

Some farms have facilities of varying sizes to house large and small animals and store feed, others do not. In addition, some barns have different levels depending on their use. Barn common areas include:

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These are individual pens for the animals in the barn or stable. They are usually enclosed on three sides and are located on the main floor or in the basement, depending on the type of barn.


Every barn, regardless of size, needs storage. This is the area where bridles, saddles and other equipment are stored safely and orderly. Building a storage facility requires careful planning. The ideal location of the equipment room reduces the number of steps you have to take to prepare your horses.

Treatment room

As the name suggests, a feed store is a place where feed is stored. Modern stables have stacking areas for this purpose, but the old stables had rooms the size of loft stalls for storing feed. The feeding areas are designed to be easy to clean. Food, equipment and tools shall be stored in an orderly manner so that personnel can move about and remove items from the room without hindrance.

Feed storage areas must be dust-free to prevent contamination of the feed. Grain feed is usually stored in rat-proof containers. These can be metal or wooden containers with airtight lids.  The feeding areas are well lit and equipped with easily accessible electrical outlets. Their entrances are often blocked to prevent stray animals from entering the feeding and treatment area. The size of the feeding room depends on the number of animals to be fed on the farm.

Driver’s cab / driver’s cab

These are wide corridors for the storage of animals or machines. When the hay wagons are brought in for unloading, they enter the storage area. In the lobby you will also find some machines, such as. B. Parked electric lawn mowers and walk-behind mowers. Sometimes the farmer’s hand tools are stored on the back wall of the compartment. Bagged compost is often stored in pits, and farmers also grind grain and corn husks there. One of the benefits of a disk compartment is that it makes it easier to access and locate equipment. During the growing season, tools that are in constant use are stored here so that they can be retrieved quickly if necessary. These shelters protect your important equipment from the elements and give the shelter a neat appearance.


A silo is a waterproof structure built to store hay or fermented grain used to feed animals in the winter. Silos are made of different materials. Preferred materials include single curved brick, galvanized iron, hollow brick and poured concrete.  In the past, silos were sometimes placed in barns. Silage is used to store shredded or ground grass, corn and sometimes other types of plant material. These materials are fermented and transformed during the winter into a highly nutritious feed.

In the past, silage storage has significantly increased animal productivity. The silos can be vertical or horizontal. Horizontal silos were the first silos, they had a rectangular shape, were made of wood and were built in barns. They were soon replaced by round, vertical silos built outside the barn. The vertical silos were built in locations that allowed for efficient filling. The silos are filled through an opening at the top and unloaded through a series of gates from which the feed is discharged through an external chute; this chute is equipped with a ladder to access the gates.

Dairy house

Milk parlours are an important part of dairy farms; this annex is where the milk is collected and stored before being sent out. The milk is not kept with the animals in the barn, because the milk easily picks up the smell of the animals in the barn.

Grain storage facilities

They differ from silos mainly in that they are used for the storage of dry grain, whereas silos are used for the storage of fermented grass. They are metal cylinders with pointed metal roofs and steps on the outside. Grain bins have a larger diameter than silos and are usually made of corrugated silver steel. They come in different heights.

This source has been very much helpful in doing our research. Read more about historic barn types and let us know what you think.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the top part of a barn called?

As you may have guessed from the title, the top part of a barn is called a barn roof. A barn roof acts as the protective covering for the rest of the barn. Barn roofs are often made of metal or tile and occasionally wood shingles – although today, wood shingles are rarely used. As a general rule, barns come in two varieties: either the classic red barn with a white roof and a hayloft or the modern metal barn with a silo on one end. Which kind of barn is right for you, depends on your region, your lifestyle, and your taste. In the Midwest and Southern United States, the traditional red barns with white roofs that harken back to the days of “Green Acres” remain the norm. If this is the look you want, then you’ll need to do some research to find out if a barn is available for sale in your area. Here’s some info to get you started: in most states, barns are regulated by local building codes. This means

What is the second floor of a barn called?

The second floor of a barn features the hayloft, which can be accessed via a ladder or a second floor door. It’s good to know that the second floor of the barn is called the hayloft, as you will be able to tell your friends the next time you watch “The A Team.” Depending on where you live, the second floor of a barn may be called something different. Down in Tennessee, for example, you might hear them called “lofts.” Up north, it’s “barn lofts.” And if you’re in Scotland, it’s called a “milking loft.”

What is a bent in a barn?

A bent is one of the parts of a barn structure. These are the structural members that are used to shape the roof of the barn and its walls. The shape of the bent can be used to make the barn resemble a house. This is a list of all the blog posts for the “a blog about ___” blog. As of March 1, 2013, the Blogger blog received over 2.5 million views and over 300,000 unique visitors. The words, “bent” or “bents” are commonly used to refer to the lower portion of a barn structure. It is the area between the ground and the ridge of a barn. Typically, this area is where the hay loft, livestock stalls, and machinery is located. The term “bent” is directly related to the way the barn was built. The bent uses the structure of the barn’s end walls to create the barn’s overall shape. The end walls were bent inward, using the vertical posts as a frame. As a result, the bent was created.

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