Parts of a Temple Explained (For Hindu, Greek, Roman Temples, and Pagoda)

Temples come in all shapes and sizes, and are built for all religions and purposes throughout the world. In fact, there are so many different types of temples throughout the globe that it is easy to get confused when you are looking to build a temple. For that reason, we have laid out the basic parts of a temple to help you get started on your temple planning process. (But don’t worry, we won’t hold you to these exact proportions. After all, you are building a temple for your needs and your gods, and if you want to make something a little more unique, go for it!)

Modern temples are beautiful spiritual houses of worship filled with magnificent statues, stunning architecture, and other elaborate decorations. (If you have seen the temples of India, then you know what I mean.) But what exactly is a temple? A temple is a building, or set of buildings, that houses religious idols and images. It is not just a place of prayer; it is also a place of learning and education. In ancient times, a temple was the center of a city and its houses of worship were the educational and administrative buildings.

Hindu temples have a distinctly different style from the Greek, Roman, or the Chinese style. One major difference is in the shape of the temple. India has a lot of different temples which are arranged according to the local styles of architecture. For instance, the temple of Sri Rangam has a gopuram in its centre, which is a fusion of the North and South Indian style.. Read more about greek temple architecture and let us know what you think.Temples are among the oldest structures known or erected by man. The word temple comes from the Latin word templum, meaning sacred space. The etymology of the word can give anyone an idea of what a temple is. It is a place for religious or spiritual activities, including prayers and offerings. Religions such as Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism call their buildings or structures for religious and spiritual activities temples. Other older beliefs or religions, such as the ancient Egyptians, held spiritual meetings or events in temples. In this article, you will learn more about the components of certain types of temples.

Hindu temple

Hindu temples serve as places for major events and celebrations, while most Hindus use family altars for daily prayers and worship. For Hindus, temples are artificial structures where the image of a chosen deity is kept. Nor are Hindu temples a place where believers gather to listen to sermons. Rather, it is a structure in which Hindus can communicate with each other. In the past only kings, nobles and priests were allowed to enter Hindu temples. Even today, most Hindu temples are closed to non-Hindu visitors. In India, the basic shape of the temple is a square cell oriented to the four cardinal points. In the middle of the square cage is a platform with the effigy of a deity. Then a flat roof over it and a door to the east. In front of this door is a porch or platform, usually shaded by a roof and supported by posts. On this portal or platform the faithful gather before and after approaching the deity. The more complex temples have galleries and corridors. These rooms are usually located on platforms with stairs leading to different levels. Some large temples even have separate buildings for other purposes, such as meditation. In South India, the temples have large doors. These structures also often have barrel-vaulted roofs that rise above the inner chamber and temple hall. An example of a temple with such components is the Khmer temple Angkor Wat, located in Cambodia. In North India, most temples have curved towers.

Greek temples

The temple is perhaps the most recognizable structure in all of Greece. The Parthenon, by far the most popular Greek tourist destination, is a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena. Other popular temples of ancient Greek civilizations are the Erechtheion, the Temple of Zeus and the Temple of Hera. The Greeks called their temples naos, meaning abode. The first temples were built with materials such as wood and mud bricks, which, as you can understand, do not last long. It is thought that the Greek temples were already built in 10 BC. Chr. were built. Chr. were born. Like the temples in India, the temples in Greece also have their basic forms. It is usually a simple rectangular room with walls forming a shallow porch. This room is also the central part of the temple. It’s called Cella or Naos. It has no windows. Often an emblematic statue is also placed here. The porch of the temple is called the pronaos. It also contains elaborate walls called antes. There’s a door connecting Naos to Pronaos. At the back of the Naos is another room, the Opisthodomos. It serves no purpose other than to indicate the balance of predictions. But there is no door connecting the Naos to the Opisthodomos. At the other end of the Naos is the Aditon, an enclosed space that also serves as a reserve for the Opisthodomos. The platform on which the columns of the Greek temple rest is called the stylobate. A colonnade is a row of columns on which the entablature is placed. You’ve probably heard the word entablature before. The word translated means table. This is the upper part of the temple, which looks like a table placed on the legs of the columns. It is supported by three layers. The bottom layer is called an architrave, the middle layer a frieze and the top layer a cornice. The entablature is one of the three vertical parts or components of a Greek temple, the other two being the floor and the columns. Speaking of columns: Greek temples are generally classified according to the floor plan and the location of the columns. A temple with columns only at the front is called a prostration temple, while an amphipro style temple has columns at the back and front. There are also temples with a single row of columns around the perimeter, these are called peripteral temples. The dipterological temples on the other hand are temples with a double row of columns all around. To return to the entablature: The Greeks worked it in an intricate way to make their temples more imposing. The entablature of Greek temples had elaborate antifixes or vertical blocks that concealed the roof tiles. The entablature of the Greek temples also had elaborate paneling and colored terracotta, which gave this part of the temple a more grandiose appearance.

Roman temples

For the Romans, temples served as places of worship for their gods. We can say that Roman temples are one of the most important features of Roman civilization. Roman temples were usually dedicated to a god, a goddess, an emperor or a member of the royal family. Roman temples were inspired by those of the Etruscans, a native Italian race that had been in power since the 7th century. Century v. Chr. reached its peak. However, the Etruscans adopted other architectural styles, such as the Greek, for their temples. Therefore we can say that the Roman temples were partly influenced by the Greek temples. The style of the columns is perhaps the only remarkable similarity between the Greek and Roman temples. Roman temples were usually located in strategic places in the city, such as near the forum or along the main street of the city. Most Roman temples are situated on a hill. A podium is the base or foundation of a Roman temple. There’s a staircase next to it. Roman temples had 12 or more steps, as opposed to the three typical of Greek temples. The steps were usually only found on the façade of Roman temples or were attached to them. The wide steps of the temple led to the portico of columns. The portico is the entrance to the temple. It was often covered and open at the sides. The number of columns that make up the portico determines its architectural name. Within the portico is the pronaos, the inner part of the portico that lies between the walls and the entrance to the cella. In ancient Rome, temples usually had open pronaos. The Cella is the main closed door in the center of the Roman temple. Here is an image of the Roman god to whom the temple is dedicated. There was a small altar where people could worship or pray. In Roman temples it was also customary to have several small rooms behind the cella where one could pray and worship other gods. As mentioned earlier, Roman temples had columns in a style similar to that of Greek temples. Columns run along the four sides of the Roman temple. There are usually four or six columns at the front. Some columns are self-supporting, others are attached to the temple walls.


Pagoda is the common name for Hindu or Buddhist temples in China, Japan, Korea and other parts of East Asia. The Chinese adapted the old Indian buildings and rebuilt them in their architectural style. Pagodas come in different shapes and sizes. Some could be mistaken for towers, others look like pavilions. You can also find pagodas that look like pyramids. The pagoda consists of three main parts: the platform, the underground hall and the enclosure. The underground chamber contains sacred books, paintings and other relics. The platform can be plain or decorated. The body or main body of the structure may be hollow or solid. As a rule, a spiral staircase leads to the body. Outside are images of Buddha engraved on the walls. The roofs of the pagodas are usually carved and even decorated with jewels.


Temples have existed for centuries and have witnessed the rise and fall of many civilizations. Those that have stood the test of time are now major tourist attractions in the countries or regions where they are located. As you have already guessed, the temples of different religions or civilizations consist of different parts. The point is that these temples were important to these civilizations and an integral part of their beliefs and culture.While there are thousands of different temples around the world, there are some definite similarities between them. The most important part of a temple is not the building itself, but the parts inside it. Temples are a place of worship, so the most important feature of one is a statue of the god or gods being worshipped. Temples were usually located in the center of a town, and surrounded by a perimeter wall, so they could also be a place of refuge for people. (To be exact, Hindu temples are typically inside a walled complex known as a temple town.). Read more about erechtheion and let us know what you think.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the characteristics features of a temple?

Temples have been around for thousands of years, and the design and style of these holy houses of worship has varied based on the culture and time period. Today, you can find temples all around the world, but they all share a few common characteristics. When you think of a temple, you probably picture an ornate building that is home to a deity or religious figure. However, if you look closer, there are more similarities than you may think. Temples have been built and used for thousands of years on different continents by different cultures, yet there are similarities between them. The reason for this is that temples share a common purpose: to provide a space for worship of a deity or deities. This can be done in a variety of ways. Many temples are built of stone and are large and imposing, while others are built of wood and are smaller and more intimate. Others are built in a way that allows them to be used for other purposes as well. For example, Buddhist temples can serve as schools. The common features found in a temple include a primary deity statue, which is often placed in a separate room called an inner sanctum; spaces where worshippers can sit, rest, and

What are five characteristics of a Roman temple?

According to Wikipedia, a Roman temple is a building in which a deity is worshipped. It is characteristic of the Roman architectural canon, and, along with the form of the Roman basilica and the public basilica, was the most important building in Roman architecture. The architecture of Roman temples has influenced religious edifices all over the world. Here are five characteristics of a Roman temple: While many people may think of Hindu temples when they think of religious worship spaces, in fact, there are many other religions where the temple is the central place of worship. In particular, a Roman temple is one that is dedicated to the Roman gods. While Hindu, Greek, and other ancient religions had very similar design elements and architectural styles, their temples were tailored to fit the gods they worshipped, while Roman temples were more like the shrines in other cultures, and often presided over a sacred grove or spring.

What was inside a Roman temple?

The interior of a Roman temple was the most sacred area, as it contained the shrine and altar of the god. The inner walls and ceilings were decorated with frescoes and sculptures, and the walls were often inscribed with dedications of gifts to the god. Usually, there was a statue of the god inside, and the altar would contain offerings of food. For minor gods, there was perhaps a niche or statue in the wall. As we know from movies and history books, temples were the center of worship for some cultures. These buildings were often dedicated to a deity, or a statue or symbol of the deity. One of the most popular types of temples are from the Roman Empire, which was the most powerful of its time. Temples for the Romans were made with a specific purpose in mind. They were used for sacrifices, in which animal sacrifices were made to honor the gods. These structures were often built like a home, with a kitchen, bedrooms, and even a pool or spa.

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