Parts of a Piano Explained with Illustrated Diagram

Aspiring piano players who wish to take their playing to the next level might consider investing in a Yamaha Studio Grand. This keyboard synthesizer is made up of hundreds of parts, which can be confusing and intimidating if you are just starting out. For this reason, it’s important to familiarize yourself with its parts, to familiarize yourself with its parts, since the better you understand it, the better you will be able to take advantage of its various functions.

The piano is a popular choice as a musical instrument for the home. It is an instrument that is capable of playing both a soft and a loud, which is perfect for providing background music for dinner parties, or even for playing a solo. The piano that is included in many homes is often referred to as a digital piano, since the sound is generated digitally. There are also many acoustic pianos that are often purchased for their beautiful appearance, rather than for their sound quality, but the difference between the two is not something that needs to be worried about.

The piano is one of the most popular and iconic musical instruments in the world. It is also a luxurious decorative element in expensive houses, villas or castles. It’s been around for a while. Italian builder and musician Bartolomeo Cristofori is credited with inventing this instrument around 1700.

If playing this instrument appeals to you, as does the possibility of furnishing your home with a piano, it may be helpful to know the different parts of a piano. But you don’t have to be a music novice to do this. Maybe you just want to learn how the different parts of the piano work together to make beautiful music.


The case is the outer shell of the piano. For many people, this is the first thing they notice about the piano. The body or outer case is not only the largest part of the piano, but also adds depth and resonates with every note produced by the musical instrument.

The hull is usually made of hardwood, such as maple or beech. The outside of the lid and the edge can be covered with different types of wood, such as mahogany, maple and pine.

Part of the case is the covering for the woodwork inside the piano. It protects the interior of the piano when the instrument is not being played. When the lid is up, it helps increase the overall volume, resonance and projection of the sound into the room. The size of the cover can increase according to the size of the piano. For example, a piano has a larger lid because it is wider and takes up more space than an upright piano.

Inner frame/spindle unit

The inner frame, which is made of cast iron, is one of the parts or components of the piano that give it considerable weight. But it’s just one of the most important parts of a musical instrument, because it carries the strong tension of the game and supports the peg, allowing each string to produce a clear sound.

A block of tuning pegs holds the piano strings in place. The metal pins isolate the strings from each other and ensure the stability of the piano’s tuning.

Now that we’ve talked about the bridge, let’s talk about what it is. The apron is an important part of the inner frame and is also called the side board. It is usually made of laminated maple wood and reinforced with wooden ribs to increase strength and resonance. As the name suggests, the bridge is where the piano’s strings are struck.

On high-quality pianos, the turntables are usually made of a wood species such as Sitka spruce. Cheap pianos have a plywood top. It may not sound rich, but it still does its job, so to speak. At the end of the bridge is a series of metal bridges.

Control panel

It’s hard to deny that the keyboard is the part of the piano that most people are familiar with. After all, we usually picture a pianist working at a keyboard.

The keyboard is the way to play piano. It has 88 keys housed in a keyboard frame, which in turn rests on the keyboard base. White keys are often called nature keys and black keys are called enharmonic keys. In the past, ivory was often used for white piano keys, but nowadays synthetic ivory is mostly used. Black keyboards can also be made of ebony or synthetic resin.

The keys are ideally carved from a single piece of wood. This allows deformations or changes that may occur over years of use and humidity to be corrected. The wooden keys have also been treated to reduce the risk of such damage and to ensure that the piano will be smooth and enjoyable to play for many years to come.

Piano action

The piano’s mechanism consists of levers that connect the keys to the hammers that strike the piano strings. This part of the piano is not as popular as the keyboard, but it can be said that without it, the piano cannot make music at all. In music, action refers to the pressure applied to the string of an instrument to produce an audible sound. In the case of the piano, the mechanism determines the weight of the keys and also influences the touch of the musical instrument.

Pressing a key on the piano lifts the hammer, which in turn strikes the corresponding string. The vibration travels along the strings of the piano and over the soundboard, picking up resonances and sounds along the way. At first glance, it seems like a long process, but it actually goes very quickly when you play the piano.

One of the advantages of the piano over other instruments is its ability to reproduce a wide range of dynamics. This can be explained by the mechanics of the piano, since the dynamic range largely depends on the speed of the piano’s touch. Great composers such as Beethoven and Chopin made use of this special characteristic of the piano when they composed their masterpieces on this instrument.


You probably understood that the strings of the piano are the starting point of the instrument’s sound. When you press the piano keys and strike the hammers, the strings cause a vibration that travels across the soundboard.

The strings of the piano are made of steel. Their thickness varies according to the length of the keyboard. The lower strings are the thickest and the upper the thinnest. String tension is very important when tuning a piano. Each string is calibrated to give the instrument an optimal sound. The way you press each key also affects the piano’s action on the strings, and thus the sound of each note.

Shock absorber

The dampers may not be as visible as other parts of the piano, such as the keyboard, but that does not mean they are not as important as other parts of the piano. Finally, it controls the damping or stopping of the vibration of the string. It can be found on most piano strings. It should be noted that not all strings have dampers, such as. B. strings with a very high frequency, because they do not produce as much sound as thicker and longer strings.

The lid is often made of wood. It consists of several parts, the most important of which is the damper head. It is a small wooden cushion with felt pads on the bottom. At rest, it rests directly on the string and prevents it from vibrating. The other parts of the damper are the damper arm, damper flange, damper wire and damper guide.

How does the damper work? When it lifts, it also lifts the felt, allowing the string to vibrate freely when the piano is played. The slider drops as soon as you take your fingers off the button. Allows you to affect the duration of the note played, which can be used to customize various musical techniques, such as. B. Staccato allows it.


Finally, there is a set of pedals at the bottom of the piano. The pedals are used to modify or change a piano melody. The piano may have three or two pedals.

On a piano with three pedals, the leftmost pedal is called the soft pedal. The middle pedal is the Sostuneto. It is designed to dampen every note. The rightmost pedal is called the sustain pedal or damper pedal. It is also known affectionately as the loud pedal. Pressing this pedal removes the dampers from each piano string and transfers the energy to produce a complex, rich sound.

Now you may be wondering why some pianos have three pedals and others only two.

That depends on the type of piano. Pianos usually have three pedals, while upright pianos have only two. In the latter case, the middle sostenuto pedal is usually absent. The left and right pedals are considered indispensable elements and are therefore a must with any piano, regardless of its type.

In both cases, the pedals are supported by the pedal support structure, which is essentially part of the piano body. The traps refer to the system of levers and springs that operate the pedals.


Because the piano has many keys, hammers and strings, it can be difficult to play at first. His size can also intimidate him. But if you know the parts and what each part does, you can better understand how the piano works and recognize problems.

As you have seen, a piano is a complex musical instrument made up of several parts that work together to produce rich and beautiful music. Studying and evaluating piano pieces will allow you to better understand the instrument and ultimately improve your piano skills.

This source has been very much helpful in doing our research. Read more about parts of piano keys and let us know what you think.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the parts of a piano called?

A piano has hundreds of parts. Understanding and knowing the names of each can help you determine what is wrong with your piano when something is.  It also helps you know what is right with your piano when something is.  There are some parts on a piano that are the same on all pianos, while other parts are unique to the piano’s brand.  Some parts are functional, providing a function that helps the piano work.  Some parts are aesthetic, providing beauty to the piano.  This article will help you understand the parts of a piano. When someone asks you, “Can you name the parts of a piano?”, you’re likely to respond with “The hammer?” and “The piano?” in the same sentence. That’s because, in the grand scheme of things, parts of a piano are pretty simple things and you can name them easily. It’s a different story when you’re trying to disassemble and reassemble a piano – then you’ll quickly learn that a part is actually made up of several parts!

What are the parts of an upright piano?

A piano is a device that is used to provide a melody and a rhythm through the use of keys. Although it may seem like a rather complex piece of machinery, you will be surprised to know that the modern piano is divided into five distinct parts: the frame, the sound board, the strings, the bridges, and the action. All of these parts work together to play beautiful music. Whether you play the piano for fun, or you consider yourself to be an amateur musician, it’s hard not to be intimidated by an instrument that looks so complicated. But, contrary to rumor, knowing how to play the piano isn’t just a matter of knowing how to press a lot of keys really fast. In fact, the parts of an upright piano are pretty straightforward, and knowing what they are can help you to better understand how the instrument works.

What is the wooden part of the piano under the frame called?

The piano has been around for hundreds of years and it has evolved over time. In the past, piano makers were craftsmen who created beautiful, handmade pianos for their customers. Today, piano makers are industrial manufacturers who use modern technology and global supply chains to make pianos at a high volume and low cost. One of the parts that has become an integral component of the piano is the bridge. The bridge is a wooden frame placed between two strings and it is responsible for transferring the vibrations from the strings to the soundboard. You know the wooden part of the piano under the frame is called the piano stool, but do you know what the other parts are called? The piano stool, also known as the piano stool, is a piano accessory that is a necessary part of the piano. This piano seat is not only a place for people’s legs, but also a place for the piano frame to rest on.

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